Tag - ubon ratchathani

Ubon, Thailand

Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand
Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand
Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand
Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand

Ubon Ratchathani Province is located in the southeast of the Isan region of Thailand. The capital city bears the same name, but is more commonly known as Ubon. The name means Royal Land Lotus Blossom in the Thai language and refers to the exceptional natural beauty of the area.

The city, which sits on the northern bank of the Mun River, was originally founded in the late 18th century by Lao immigrants and still retains many aspects of Lao style and culture. For an insight into the rich and interesting history of this area, pay a visit to the Ubon National Museum.

Ubon Ratchathani is best loved for its stunning national parks. No visit is complete without seeing the spectacular Phu Chong Na Yoi National Park, which covers an area of 687 square kilometers, featuring stunning views from the cliffs at Pha Pheung and the huge Bak Tew Yai Waterfall.

Another area of great beauty is the Kaeng Tana National Park and don’t miss the Pha Taem National Park with its pre-historic cliff paintings showing scenes of fishing, rice farming, figures of people and animals.

There are many beautiful waterfalls in the area, and it is possible to swim in the clear waters of most. Some of the best include Nam Tok Saeng Chan, Nam Tok Thung Na Muang and the magnificent Nam Tok Soi Sawan.

It goes without saying that there are many interesting temples to explore, embodying design features of both Lao and Thai temple art. Look out for Wat Tung Si Muang, Wat Supattanaram, the rectangular chedi of Wat Phra That Nong Bua, Wat Si Ubon Rattanaram and many others.

Koh Hat Wat Tai is a small island in the Mae Nam Mun which is great for swimming and sunbathing. Another attraction in the area are the Warin Chamrap District Temples. These are two temples where people from all over the world gather to study meditation. Wat Nong Pa Phung is reserved for Thai people, while Wat Pa Nanachat is for non-Thais.

The silk weaving village of Wat Nong Bua is located 18 kilometers from the city and makes a great day trip, while many people travel to ride the Kaeng Saphue rapids or take a boat trip on the turbulent white waters.

Ubon has a large night market, which is a great place to get a cheap meal and buy some local produce.

If you are in the area during the festival of awk hansaa in July, make sure you stay for the Candle Festival, when processions of wax religious images are carried through the city on floats.

The Abbot of Wat Pah Nanachat

The Abbot of Wat PahNanachat, Ubon Ratchathani, ThailandBy Jaruwan Supolrai, English and Communication student, Ubon Ratchathani University
Venerable Ajahn Nyanadhammo was born in Adelaide, South Australia in 1955. He became interested in Buddhism by being inspired from reading the Buddha’s message while a biology student. And in 1978 he then stayed at Wat Buddhadhamma near Sydney before traveling to Thailand to ordain.

He received his novice ordination from Somdet Phra Nyanasamvara at Wat Bowon Niwet Wiharn in Bangkok. And in 1979 at the age of 24 he received full ordination with the late Venerable Ajahn Chah at Wat Nong Pah Pong, a forest monastery in Ubon Ratchathani, the northeastern Thailand.

He then spent many years wandering on ‘tudong’ in the forest, staying in secluded monasteries and seeking out great meditation teachers and following their footsteps especially the late Venerable Ajahn Chah’s. From 1994 to 2002 he stayed at Bodhinyana Buddhist Monastery in Western Australia as deputy to Ajahn Brahmavamso.

In 2002 when Venerable Ajahn Jayasaro left Wat Pah Nanachat Venerable Ajahn Nyanadhammo took over his duties and become the abbot of Wat Pah Nanachat, a branch monastery of Wat Nong Pah Pong with an international community of English speaking monks, which run by the late Venerable Ajahn Chah.

Since then he diligently has worked training ‘anagarikas’ and ‘novices’ and guides the monks at the Wah Pah Nanachat. Always he gives a talk to Buddhists and people who come to give the offerings in every morning, which the talk can be counselling to those in need. And on the religion day he gives the Dhamma talks at Wah Pah Nanachat and other branch monasteries of the late Venerable Ajahn Chah in Thailand and sometimes in other countries around the world.

His First Contact with Buddhism

According to his biology background while in a university, he studied both life of animals and plants. So those things led him to be interested in studying the life of human beings and discovering what life was about, what was the true happiness and what we people were searching for.

One day when he went back home he had a chance to read a Theravada Buddhism book that his friends left at his home.

“I did not intentionally read it, I was just reading for killing the time” said the Venerable Ajahn Nyanadhammo. Then he could not put it down, reading it all the night until finishing, becoming more interested in Buddhism, his faith had arisen.

He said, “I appreciated of the Buddha’s teaching, because it was about the Four Noble Truths,” Since he did not find a true happiness, nobody found “paqqa” wisdom.

He began asking himself; Where is the person who has the true happiness? Where is the person who has the ‘paqqa’ ? Where is the ‘paqqa’? All the answer goes to the Buddha. The Buddha is the person who has the “paqqa”, he see through the sufferings, he pointed the cause of suffering and a path out of suffering that we can be free from sufferings getting the real happiness.

His Turning Points

With his curiosity in Buddhism, in the morning, he did not hesitated to go to the bookstore to buy Buddhism books. The result from reading a second book and seeing the picture of a monk on the cover of the book, which was the first monk he had ever seen in his life, had inspired him to want to be a monk.

“Having never ever seen any temples or any monks before, but I wanted to be a monk like him in the picture, it is because of my faith in Buddha, said the Venerable Ajahn Nyanadhammo.

After that, he went to the Buddhist Society in his hometown. When getting inside the temple. He said, “I had long hair and was dressing up in hippie style” and he did not know how to behave himself there. He did not take his shoes off until someone told him to take them off.
 
And there was a sign with the word, ‘Observe the Five Precepts’ written on a label inside the temple.
 
After reading the Five Precepts on that label, he felt it was the right thing for him at that time, so he decided to observe those precepts for the sake of himself and other people to be safe from any other harmful things all around. And later on, he began to practice meditation from reading many books.
 
Finally he met Ajahn Kantaparo, who used to stay at Wat Bowon Niwet Wiharn in Bangkok and came to teach Vibbassana (insight meditation) in Australia recommended him to come to Thailand.
 
Flying to Thailand
 
Not like any other farangs visiting many interesting tourist attractions when first coming, when arriving Bangkok he told a taxi driver to go to Wat Boworn Nivath Vihan where he became ordained a novice monk.
 
“From the first day that I came to Thailand until this day, I spend my time at the monastery I did not go to any other place”, said the Venerable Ajahn Nyanadhammo. And when asking why he chose to come to Thailand, “Because Thailand has a lot of Westerners and a lot of the old traditions” he said.
 
Training Under Ajahn Chah
 
A monastic life after having a chance to meet Ajahn Chah at Wat Nong Pah Pong and having him as a preceptor, he had spiritually trained with many Dhamma materials among many other training monks.
 
“I needed to change everything, I needed to speak Thai, I needed to eat Thai food and etc.” said the Venerable Nyanadhammo. It was tough with the change of food, language, weather and cultures. The food was extremely basic: sticky rice, leaves, curries – which were all put in one pot together – and a few bananas.
 
And what is more important was that the change of his manner to be suitable as the make him a good monk that he had to behave correctly. ” I felt like I was a new person, I was born again I was died from a farang and was born to be a Thai, “he added.
 
As Ajahn Chah’s way of teaching, he usually left his monks pretty much alone to practice and to learn the Vinaya or monastic codes of conduct; he would take them aside only occasionally if he sensed there were some problems need to be solved.
 
Ajahn Chah Gave Him a Kick

 
One day Ajahn Nyanadhammo and his monk-friends went on the same alms-round together into the village, and, as they were coming back to the dining-hall, there was one monk started complaining about the monks who hand out the food.
 
Self-righteous anger came up in him, and he said to him, “Instead of complaining about the other monks, why don’t you get up and help us?” And then he stormed off in a huff.
 
As Ajahn Nyanadhammo was walking, he heard Ajahn Chah’s voice saying, “Good morning” in English. (The only words he knew in English were ‘Good morning’ and ‘Cup of tea’.) He turned to see him standing only three feet away with a big radiant smile on his face. And he said, “Oh, good morning, Luang Por.” And he radiated loving kindness to Ajahn Nyanadhammo, and the aversion completely disappeared and he was really happy.
 
That evening he decided, “As Ajahn Chah was very friendly to him, he would go over and offer him a foot massage”: that was a way to do some service for him, and he often would teach Dhamma at that time. So he was sitting on a cane seat with Ajahn Nyanadhammo sitting on the floor and massaging his foot.
 
When the bell rang for evening chanting. Ajahn Chah told the other monks to go to the chanting and Ajahn Nyanadhammo was left together with Ajahn Chah; it was a beautiful cool evening, with the moon coming out full, and the sound of some seventy monks chanting, he said “It was just wonderful. Ajahn Chah sat in meditation as I was massaging his foot – and my mind was on cloud nine, uplifted with joy”.
 
At that point Ajahn Chah kicked him in the chest and knocked him flat on his back! He looked up in shock, and Ajahn Chah pointed at him saying, “See? In the morning someone says something you don’t like and you’re upset. Then someone else just says, ‘Good morning’ and you’re uplifted all day. Don’t get caught up in moods and emotions of like and dislike at what other people say.” That is one of the lessons that he still remembers to this day.
 
Staying And Teaching in Western Australia

 
After his fifteenth year as a monastic life in Thailand, he was requested to stay and teach the Dhamma in Western Australia. “I did not want to go there, I needed to go, because people there they were hungry for the Dhamma”, said the Venerable Nyanadhammo.
 
When he and his monk-friends first came there. They had to stay in a small house. Some days they did not have any meal, because nobody came to give them the offerings.
 
Not for long someone gave them a land in forest to build a monastery. Before they built a ‘sala’ and a ‘kuti’, they needed to stay in the hut for a while and had to bathe in the stream with cold water. He said, “I was living with kangaroos in the forest”.
 
“Some did not know Buddhism, some did not know gathering the alms-food”, he said, teaching Dhamma to Westerners is not easy like teaching Thais who were born in the land of Buddhism – basically have the faith in Buddha.
 
It is necessary for them to cultivate faith in the Buddha to them so that we can teach them how to meditate which is what the Westerners are interested in.
 
Teaching the Dhamma to Westerners might take a long time until it works. ” It was difficult at first but it worked and was useful in the end” said Venerable Ajahn Nyanadhammo.
 
The Family’s Thought
 
Asking what his family thinks about his ordination, when they heard about Buddhism, they did not understand. “And when I had became ordained wandering to meditate in the forest, they thought that I was crazy.”
 
But nowadays the family heard about Buddhism and have some knowledge and understanding the history of Buddhism. “They maybe see a picture on the television or documentary about Buddhism or Buddhist monks, because of that they understand” he added.
 
Things have changed quite a lot since he first came but generally he thinks most western people’s parents want their children to be happy and want their sons to be happy people to be peaceful themselves in the world. And generally the parents found it acceptable.
 
The Conclusion
 
Being of one monks here who follows the Buddha’s footstep and other great venerables, he has been seriously doing the Dharma propagation activities in Thailand and overseas – for the sake of making the world a peaceful place. ” Nowadays there are many interested Westerners coming to in Buddhism in Thailand” added the Venerable Ajahn Nyanadhammo.
 
*FOOTNOTES
 
“Tudong” – taking a bowl and robes and walk seeking out secluded places to meditate in the forest
 
“Anagarika” – a person in preparation to be in yellow robe and observe the Eight Precepts
 
“sala” a place where people gather making merits
 
“kuti” a place where monks stay in
 
“Luang Por” an old venerable
 
Wat Nong Pah Pong” – a forest monastery of marsh and pong” (pong is a type of high grass).

Monastic Training Life and Monkhood at Wat Pah Nanachat of Ubon Ratchathani

Monastic Training Life and Monkhood at Wat Pah Nanachat of Ubon Ratchathani
Monastic Training Life and Monkhood at Wat Pah Nanachat of Ubon Ratchathani
Monastic Training Life and Monkhood at Wat Pah Nanachat of Ubon Ratchathani
Monastic Training Life and Monkhood at Wat Pah Nanachat of Ubon Ratchathani
Monastic Training Life and Monkhood at Wat Pah Nanachat of Ubon Ratchathani
Monastic Training Life and Monkhood at Wat Pah Nanachat of Ubon Ratchathani

“More and more visitors to Thailand are interested in Buddhism. Many of them come to Thailand to ordain as it is very well known Buddhist country. Wat Pah Nanachat is one of their destinations”, said a monk from England who has ordained at the monastery for 2 years. However, ordaining at the monastery seems to be really challenging for many of them. It is important that they should study and prepare themselves well beforehand about their unforeseen living at the monastery.
With a very tranquil forest monastic environment, Wat Pah Nanachat (the International Forest Monastery) is an appropriate home for many foreign monks from a wide range of nationalities to practice meditation. It is located in a small forest of Bahn Bung Wai of Amper Warin Chamrab about 15 kilometers away from the city of Ubon Ratchathani of Thailand.

The monastery has been blessed as a good place for meditation and Dhamma teaching established by Venerable Ajahn Chah, one profoundly wise Buddhist meditation master of Thailand, in 1975 as a branch of Wat Nong Pah Pong. Therefore, many foreigners who search for true happiness come to ordain at the monastery every year.

In Thailand, there are many good places for people who are interested in practicing meditation.”This monastery is also one really good and quiet place for meditation practice. It is quite far away from disturbing things. To live here is a good opportunity for me to practice. And, traditional monastic training is always provided very well here”, kindly and mindfully said one monk who is from America.

Men with shaved heads who wear loose white and long trousers with white shirts are trainees who are during the traditional monastic training before ordaining at the monastery. “The interested foreigners who want to ordain here have to be initially trained about traditional way of monastic living for a short period so that they can live peacefully and successfully. The training is relative to the Buddha’s teaching and code of monastic discipline”, explained a senior monk who is from Germany.

It is not easy but not too difficult for the trainees to be during the traditional monastic training period at Wat Pah Nanachat. They will be taught about how they can enjoyably live with local culture. They are expected to follow and join all monastic activities such as meeting and work activities, rules or regulations, and daily routine of the monastery. Therefore, all of them have to adjust themselves very well with these things.

As the trainees have to join and follow everything that the monastery expects them to do before the ordaining, early during the traditional monastic training, many of them may face some challenging difficulties. The difficulties may be relative to monastic activities, rules and regulations, and daily routine of the monastery. For many current trainees and monks as they used to be trainees of Wat Pah Nanachat, There were three most outstanding challenging difficulties: getting up early, weather, and hunger.

The first quite common difficulty for them early during the training was getting up early. It is one of the rules of the monastery. “When I first came here, it was quite difficult for me to get up so early in the morning. However, it could make them to become more active”, said one trainee from Holland.

At 03.00 AM, because of the rules of the monastery, every trainee had to get up to participate in the monastic activities such as morning meeting for chanting and meditation. Also, while monks went out to surrounding villages on alms-round, trainees did the chores such as sweeping the monastery and helping in the kitchen.

In general, for some people, getting up early in the morning may be not a problem, but it should not be disregarded for prospective trainees who want to ordain at the monastery. To make sure that they can follow the rules of the monastery efficiently can mean that they can ordain and live in the monastery more happily or without any problem.

Weather was also the common challenging difficulty that many current trainees and monks as they used to be trainees at Wat Pah Nanachat used to face during their traditional monastic training. As most of them

are from the western countries which some are considered cold countries, therefore Thai hot weather was a problem for them early during their training period.
 
However, after they had lived with that condition for a while, they could overcome the problem and their bodies could be accustomed to it. “The weather here is really hot for me. In my hometown, it is quite cold. When I first came here, I had to take a shower more frequently than before”, explained a monk from Finland who has just ordained for only 2 months.
 
Also, as Wat Pah Nanachat allows the trainees to have only one meal a day at about 09.00 AM, the hunger can be one difficulty of many of them. Many current trainees and monks who used to be trainees said that they were usually hungry early during the training period.
 
However, after living at the monastery for a while, those trainees and monks could be used to living with those difficulties because their bodies could adjust themselves for it.
 
After the traditional monastic training in a short period, the trainees then can ordain. The difficulties that they may face after the training period (after they ordain) may be different from those they have to face during the training. However, they will certainly have 227 monk’s rules (the basic Theravada code of monastic discipline) to comply with.
 
“Actually, it is generally agreed that the monk’s rules laid by the Lord Buddha are considered great thing to keep; they are not a problem at all. However, they possibly cause difficulties for the future trainees”, said another monk from America.
 
According to monks at Wat Pah Nanachat, three most outstanding challenging monk’s rules for them were relative to speech, gestures, and damaging living plants. They said that these rules were difficult to keep.
 
Why rules about speech were challenging for the monks is that they had to be well mindful about their speech such as to avoid complaining, telling a lie, talking too loud, and saying something that might cause the break among them.
 
The next challenging rules were about gestures. In any habited area, they had to avoid swinging their arms, head, and body when they walked and avoid tiptoeing or sitting with arm akimbo.
 
The last outstanding challenging rules for them were about damaging living plants. They said that when they did the chores such as sweeping floor, it was hard to knowingly avoid damaging living plants like grass and other small plants.
 
Therefore, it will be very useful for prospective trainees to study about monk’s rules before they come to the monastery. It will be faster for them to learn about the monk’s rules when they ordain.
 
Thus, it is quite necessary that the future foreigners who want to ordain at Wat Pah Nanachat should prepare themselves well before they come to the monastery. There may be difficulties caused by monastic activities, rules or regulations, and the daily routine during the traditional monastic training. If they can prepare themselves well beforehand, they will be able to live in the monastery successfully.